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ExxonMobil Corporation


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Corporate Statistics
ExxonMobil Corporation logo
Worker Rights Human Rights Political Influence Environmental Business Ethics

This company has areas of concern around Worker Rights, Human Rights, Political Influence, Environmental Issues, and Business Ethics. KnowMore Users are urged to boycott this company.

ExxonMobil Corporation

5959 Las Colinas Blvd. Irving TX USA



Smoke billows from the Exxon oil refinery near Baton Rouge, Louisiana during a fire. Photograph by Sam Kittner/NGS
Smoke billows from the Exxon oil refinery near Baton Rouge, Louisiana during a fire. Photograph by Sam Kittner/NGS
Exxon Mobil is the world's largest integrated oil company (ahead of BP and Royal Dutch Shell). Exxon Mobil engages in oil and gas exploration, production, supply, transportation, and marketing worldwide. It has proved reserves of 13.2 billion barrels of oil equivalent. Exxon Mobil's 38 refineries in 21 countries have a throughput capacity of 6.3 million barrels per day. The company supplies refined products to nearly 34,000 service stations in 100 countries. It provides fuel to more than 600 airports and 200 seaports. Exxon Mobil is also a major petrochemical producer. The company posted consecutive US records for annual corporate earnings for 2005, 2006, and 2007.


[edit] Corporate Facts

[edit] History

Both Exxon and Mobil were descendants of the old John D. Rockefeller monopoly, Standard Oil. In 1911, after a United States Supreme Court ruling which upheld a federal court order to dissolve it, the Standard Oil Trust was split into 34 companies. Two of these companies were Jersey Standard (which eventually became Exxon), and Socony ("Standard Oil Company of New York"), which eventually became Mobil.

In the same year, the nation's kerosene output was eclipsed for the first time by gasoline. The growing automotive market inspired the product trademark Mobiloil, registered by Socony in 1920.

Over the next decade, both companies grew significantly. Jersey Standard acquired a 50 percent interest in Humble Oil & Refining Co., a Texas oil producer. Socony purchased a 45 percent interest in Magnolia Petroleum Co., a major refiner, marketer and pipeline transporter. In 1931, Socony merged with Vacuum Oil Co., a company dating back to 1866 and a growing Standard Oil spin-off in its own right.

In the Asia-Pacific region, Jersey Standard had oil production and refineries in Indonesia but no marketing network. Socony-Vacuum had Asian marketing outlets supplied remotely from California. In 1933, Jersey Standard and Socony-Vacuum merged their interests in the region into a 50-50 joint venture. Standard-Vacuum Oil Co., or "Stanvac" operated in 50 countries, from East Africa to New Zealand, before it was dissolved in 1962.

Mobil Chemical Company was established in 1960. As of 1999 its principal products included basic olefins and aromatics, ethylene glycol and polyethylene. The company produced synthetic lubricant base stocks as well as lubricant additives, propylene packaging films and catalysts. Exxon Chemical Company became a worldwide organization in 1965 and in 1999 was a major producer and marketer of olefins, aromatics, polyethylene and polypropylene along with specialty lines such as elastomers, plasticizers, solvents, process fluids, oxo alcohols and adhesive resins. The company was an industry leader in metallocene catalyst technology to make unique polymers with improved performance.

In 1955 Socony-Vacuum became Socony Mobil Oil Co. and in 1966 simply Mobil Oil Corp. A decade later, the newly incorporated Mobil Corporation absorbed Mobil Oil as a wholly owned subsidiary. Jersey Standard changed its name to Exxon Corporation in 1972 and established Exxon as a trademark throughout the United States. In other parts of the world, Exxon and its affiliated companies continued to use its Esso trademark.

On March 24, 1989, shortly after midnight, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez struck Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska, spilling more than 11 million gallons (42,000 m³) of crude oil. The spill was the largest in U.S. history, and in the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez incident U.S. Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. At the time of the spill, Exxon paid $300 million immediately and voluntarily to more than 11,000 Alaskans and businesses affected by the Valdez spill.

In 1998, Exxon and Mobil signed a $73.7 billion definitive agreement to merge and form a new company called Exxon Mobil Corporation, the largest company on the planet at the time. After shareholder and regulatory approvals, the merger was completed November 30, 1999 (the deal was announced the next day).

In 2000, ExxonMobil sold a California refinery and 340 Exxon-branded stations to Valero Energy Corporation, as part of a divestiture of California assets. They continue to operate over 700 Mobil branded outlets in the state.

[edit] Criticisms

[edit] Poor Environmental Record

Workers wash the shoreline on Latouche Island, Alaska, after the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground in 1989, dumping more than 38 million liters of oil into Prince William Sound.
Workers wash the shoreline on Latouche Island, Alaska, after the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground in 1989, dumping more than 38 million liters of oil into Prince William Sound.

Global Warming

President George Bush's decision not to sign the United States up to the Kyoto global warming treaty was partly a result of pressure from ExxonMobil, the world's most powerful oil company, and other industries, according to US State Department papers seen by the Guardian.

The documents, which emerged as Tony Blair visited the White House for discussions on climate change before next month's G8 meeting, reinforce widely-held suspicions of how close the company is to the administration and its role in helping to formulate US policy.

In briefing papers given before meetings to the US under-secretary of state, Paula Dobriansky, between 2001 and 2004, the administration is found thanking Exxon executives for the company's "active involvement" in helping to determine climate change policy, and also seeking its advice on what climate change policies the company might find acceptable.

Other papers suggest that Ms Dobriansky should sound out Exxon executives and other anti-Kyoto business groups on potential alternatives to Kyoto.

Until now Exxon has publicly maintained that it had no involvement in the US government's rejection of Kyoto. But the documents, obtained by Greenpeace under US freedom of information legislation, suggest this is not the case. Source: The Guardian

  • In January 2004, studies carried out on behalf of Friends of the Earth International by Richard Heede of Climate Mitigation Services, Colorado and by Jim Salinger and Greg Bodeker of the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research in New Zealand, asserted that ExxonMobil is to blame for around five percent of greenhouse gases that are driving global warming. The studies claimed that since ExxonMobil began as Standard Oil in 1882, the company’s oil and gas products have released 20.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. According the studies, this is equivalent to 4.7-5.3 percent of the world total of man-made CO2.
  • Learn about how ExxonMobil works oppose the science & politics of global warming.
July 09, 2004, United states © Greenpeace
July 09, 2004, United states © Greenpeace
  • In May 2003, Greenpeace Global Warming Crimes Unit converged on ExxonMobil's corporate compound in Irving, Texas, wielding a banner that read; "Global Warming Crime Scene." The Greenpeace protest, arranged to coincide with ExxonMobil's Board of Directors Annual General Meeting, aimed at exposing what the organization has called "a 10-year campaign of sabotage against international efforts to solve global warming." The protestors accused "company executives of using corporate influence and money to block agreements that would reduce global warming pollution. Citing copies of classified documents, Corpwatch claimed that ExxonMobil gives millions of dollars to ultra-conservative groups that aggressively lobby against action to protect our climate and direct President Bush's extreme energy policies. According to Greenpeace, ExxonMobil’s corporate influence has enabled the company to " sabotage action on global warming, and lie to the American people." video: Quicktime, Real (high), Real (low)
  • ExxonMobil, who has reportedly set no targets for reductions in CO2 emissions, has confirmed that its greenhouse gas emissions rose 2% in 2003 to 135.6 million tons. Exxon’s worsening emissions may be caused, in part, by an increase of flaring of gas in Nigeria. Flaring, which is illegal in most countries, is when natural gas is extracted simultaneously with oil and burned off straight into the atmosphere. Exxon’s emissions are more than 50% higher than their closest competitor’s, despite only a slightly larger production of oil and gas. Source: Ethical Corporation
  • 9/9/03: Did conservative elements in the White House provoke an Exxon front group to sue the EPA in order to suppress a report on climate change? Greenpeace has obtained what may be a Smoking Gun Memo revealing a White House/Exxon link.
  • Under the Freedom of Information Act, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) received a memorandum from the White House Council on Environmental Quality detailing plans to remove a top scientist from an international panel that provides policymakers with global warming assessments. The document detailed ExxonMobil's confidential campaign to remove Dr. Robert Watson from his chair on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a position he held since 1996. The NRDC reports that the campaign began in the first weeks of the Bush Administration, and that the memo "reveals ExxonMobil's intention to replace Watson and other key scientists with contrarians known for disagreeing with the prevailing consensus that man-made pollution is causing global warming." The administration has since decided to oppose Watson's appointment to a second term as chair.
  • 5/30/02: Both ExxonMobil's shareholders and customers voice concern about ExxonMobil's attitude towards climate change.
  • Campaign ExxonMobil, a group of religious shareholder activists, has targeted ExxonMobil for its stand on global warming. The activists claim that ExxonMobil continues to run a multi-million dollar campaign to confuse the public and policymakers about global warming and sap political energies focused on the issue. The Campaign further alleges that ExxonMobil aggressively pushes for "more global oil consumption, despite the risks, and is actively working internationally to kill the Kyoto Protocol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions."
  • 8/2/02: ExxonMobil attempts to silence critics of its extremely dirty "shale oil" production.
  • 2/14/02: Criticism of President Bush's environmental policy is never far from ExxonMobil's doorstep, due to their huge campaign contributions.
  • 8/19/02: President Bush turns his back on Earth Summit, ExxonMobil implicated.
  • Multinational Monitor named Exxon Mobil as one of the "10 Worst Corporations of 2001" for its "stubborn refusal to acknowledge the fact that burning fossil fuels has a role in global warming." The company continues to fund public relations and lobbing campaigns that deny the aspects of global warming.
  • In April 2001, the world's green parties agreed to launch an international boycott against ExxonMobil in protest against the company's alleged role in getting George W. Bush elected and its activities in campaigning against the Kyoto Protocol on global warming.
  • Over 300 Esso filling stations in the UK were targeted by 3000 protesters on December 1, 2001 who urged consumers to boycott Esso because of its stance on global warming. ExxonMobil is the parent of Esso, and has opposed the Kyoto Protocol on global climate change.

Toxic Emissions, Discharges, and Spills

Bags of Exxon Valdez cleanup debris await disposal. Much of the debris collected during the Exxon Valdez cleanup was eventually deposited in a landfill in Oregon State, the closest facility certified to properly handle the waste.
Bags of Exxon Valdez cleanup debris await disposal. Much of the debris collected during the Exxon Valdez cleanup was eventually deposited in a landfill in Oregon State, the closest facility certified to properly handle the waste.
Cleanup operations included skimming oil from the water surface with towed booms, as shown below.
Cleanup operations included skimming oil from the water surface with towed booms, as shown below.
State Capitol and Exxon Refinery Explosion, Baton Rouge, LA
State Capitol and Exxon Refinery Explosion, Baton Rouge, LA
ExxonMobil Refinery
ExxonMobil Refinery
  • ExxonMobil is responsible for the largest Oil Spill in U.S. history, which it has neither fully cleaned up nor fully paid for. Read more about The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.
  • 3/24/04: 15 Years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill, the Prince William Sound in Alaska is still suffering from massive oil pollution.
  • In 2004 Texas fined Exxon Mobil $150,462 for violations of air pollution regulations at the company’s refinery in Beaumont, Texas. A statement issued by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality says the 15 violations, discovered during routine investigations in 2002, include failure to limit emissions during refinery malfunctions, failure to repair and perform monitoring of equipment, recordkeeping failures and failure to install required equipment Source: Ethical Corporation
  • In 1999, Mobil was one of eight companies sued by a California environmental group, Communities for a Better Environment, for allowing intentional discharge of carcinogens and reproductive toxins to seep into California's water supply. In 2001 four of the oil companies settled with the organization and agreed to clean up 700 contaminated sites in California. In March, 2004 an historic multi-million-dollar settlement Exxon Mobil was reached that will provide cleaner water for all Californians. Under the approved agreement, the company agreed to upgrade gas stations, clean up groundwater contamination, and enact other changes to its gasoline distribution system in order to protect California drinking water. Source: PR Newswire Association, March 25, 2004
  • In January 2004, Russell Holland, a federal judge in Anchorage, ordered ExxonMobil to pay almost $7 billion in punitive damages and interest to thousands of fishermen and others affected by the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. The money is to go to 32,000 fishermen, Alaska Natives, landowners, small businessmen and municipalities affected by the nearly 11 million gallon spill in Prince William Sound. A spokesperson for ExxonMobil said the company would appeal the ruling, saying that the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals has twice vacated Holland's decision in the case. Holland had been ordered by the appellate court to reconsider the damages of an earlier decision. Gov. Frank Murkowski noted that while the decision "moves the process on," Exxon's plans to appeal signify there's no end in sight to the legal dispute that has dragged on for a decade. "It would be helpful if the two parties would consider discussing a settlement, so that any award that might come from the lawsuit could have application during the lifetime of the thousands of plaintiffs."
  • In December 2003, officials in Santa Monica, Calif. reached a settlement in which Shell, ChevronTexaco and ExxonMobil agreed to pay $92.5 million for water cleanup from MTBE problems. The companies allegedly had prior knowledge of MTBE’s hazardous affects on the environment and local water supplies: "The number of contaminated wells could triple after the widespread use of MTBE in Exxon gasoline, a company engineer warned in a memo in 1984." Cleaning up MTBE contamination may coast as much as $29 billion nationwide, according to the National Conference of Mayors.
  • In March 2003 Kazakhstan's highest court upheld a ruling against Tengiz-Chevroil oil company, whose US partners include ExxonMobil and ChevronTexaco, for endangering public health and the environment by failing to properly dispose of a sulphur by-product. The high court reduced a fine against Tengiz-Chevroil by 90 percent to 1.08 billion tengi ($7.15 million dollars), but it was the only change to the original verdict by a regional court in Kazakhstan. ChevronTexaco and ExxonMobil have denied that environmental or health damage was caused by storing the five million tons of slabs of sulfur in the open air.
  • In December 2003, two Louisiana community groups, the St. Bernard Parish Citizens for Environmental Quality and the Louisiana Bucket Brigade, gave ExxonMobil two months to remedy clean air violations at Chalmette Refining LLC before they initiated a federal lawsuit. Part of a joint venture with Petroleo de Venezuela, the refining plant had allegedly violated the Clean Air Act and the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act. According to the two community groups, citizens in the surrounding areas have suffered health risks from breathing air the refinery has contaminated illegally. As of 2003, St. Bernard Parish had the highest cancer mortality rate in the state. ExxonMobil has emitted illegal quantities of pollutants into the air, the two groups claim, although the company has denied all charges. In late December 2003, the community sought an order to require the refinery to comply with federal and state emission limits and reporting requirements. Source: Agence France-Presse, Mar. 26, 2003 , et al.
  • In October 2003 the state of New Hampshire filed a lawsuit against ExxonMobil and 21 oil companies for using MTBE, a gasoline additive that the attorney general claimed polluted much of the state's water supply. According to Attorney General Peter Heed MTBE, caused "an unprecedented and significant groundwater contamination problem." Heed alleged, "These companies knew of the dangers that adding MTBE to gasoline posed to the water resources. They, and not the state or its citizens, should pay the bill to fully address this unprecedented environmental problem."
  • 2/21/03: Fire at ExxonMobil causes Greenpeace to reveal safety violations
  • In September 2002 ExxonMobil agreed to pay $4.7 million to settle a lawsuit over a 1991 accident in which a pipeline operated by Mobil Oil burst spilling 74,000 gallons of oil in the Santa Clara River in California.
  • In 2002 a government panel overseeing the restoration of Prince William Sound--site of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill--reported that while some seabird and salmon species have fully recovered from the spill, other species including herring, ducks, harbor seals, and loons have not showed signs of recovery. The study also categorized certain species--orcas, sea otters and clams--as still recovering. The company argued with the findings, saying the council uses a flawed definition of recovery, which requires a return to pre-spill numbers, even though other factors, such as climate shifts, are causing massive changes in Alaska's wildlife.
  • In July 2001, the Plainview Water District, one of the largest suppliers of drinking water on Long Island, New York, sued Exxon Mobil Corp. for water contamination by MTBE, a gasoline additive that was initially used to help gasoline burn "cleaner," but that was later found to be a carcinogen. The water district is seeking $2 billion in punitive damages and $500 million in compensatory damages for a gasoline spill at a now-closed Mobil station in Plainview. The Plainview Water District, which serves about 35,000 Long Island residents, said the additive has not yet spread from the groundwater to its 11 drinking wells. But it alleges that Exxon Mobil, the world's largest oil company, has known about the spill and has done nothing to prevent it from spreading.
  • In May 2001, a jury determined that ExxonMobil must pay $1.06 billion to a family whose Louisiana land was contaminated with radioactive waste. The land was leased by the family to an Exxon contractor from the 1950s until 1992 and was used to clean Exxon's pipes. The jury determined that Exxon should have known of the radioactive contamination. Exxon denies that it had prior knowledge of the contamination. Additionally, the company denies that the contamination is as widespread as the plaintiffs claim and that clean-up costs exceed $46,000. The company said it would appeal. By March 2002 seven other lawsuits were filed by families living near the land. The suits seek compensation for damage to the residents' health and property from Exxon and the owners of the land.
  • In February 2001, ExxonMobil was one of eleven oil and gas companies named as defendants in a civil lawsuit filed by a Hyde Park, New York family alleging that the companies had conspired to market and use the gas additive MTBE, which is used to make gasoline burn cleaner. The Environmental Protection Agency has labeled MTBE as a possible carcinogen. MTBE has been found in drinking water in certain areas of Hyde Park. New York will officially ban the additive starting in 2004.
  • In 2001, ExxonMobil agreed to pay an environmental fine of $11.2 million for discharging hazardous waste from a barge-cleaning operation on Staten Island, NY, and then being dishonest about it. The settlement ended a 1996 lawsuit the federal government brought against Mobil over the Staten Island discharge ponds. According to the court case, oil that was emptied into waterways was shown to exceed the legal amount of benzene, a chemical known to cause leukemia when airborne, by more than 20 times. Court documents filed in the case claim that Mobil continued to run its barge-cleaning operation for two years without a permit, and tried to save $3 million by failing to abide by EPA regulations.
  • A survey done in the summer of 2001 revealed that oil from the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill still lingers in large amounts throughout Prince William Sound. According to the survey, which was conducted by a field crew from Auke Bay Laboratory of Juneau, "the oil was quite a bit more persistent and quite a bit more toxic than we thought in 1989." The study further documents problems with wildlife that forage in the areas, such as liver damage in otters and hydrocarbons in harlequin ducks. (See related Alert item.)
  • A San Francisco Jury found that Shell Oil Co., Lyondell Chemical Co. and Tosco Corp. were aware of the dangers of gasoline additive MTBE, but withheld the information when they put it on the market. The Court Jury made its finding in a product liability case brought by the south Tahoe Public utility District over contamination of the district's groundwater. The District sued in 1998 after MTBE pollution forced it to close a third of its drinking water wells. The lawyer Richard Drury has a lawsuit in the same Court charging that Exxon, Mobil and Tosco engaged in unfair business practices in marketing MTBE.

[edit] Animal Welfare

Victim of the Exxon Valdez disaster
Victim of the Exxon Valdez disaster
  • In January 2004, PETA initiated a letter-writing campaign against ExxonMobil, one of the 2004 sponsors of Alaska’s Iditarod dog sled race, urging the company to withdraw its sponsorship of the event based upon the cruel treatment of sledding dogs. PETA has claimed that of the hundreds of dogs abused and exploited during the 1,000+ mile trek, several die annually from "sudden death syndrome" (which often means they were run to death by mushers). Furthermore, PETA has claimed that puppies labeled poor runners by breeders, are usually killed by bludgeoning or drowning. Source: PETA 2004
  • Exxon conducts [testing on animals|Animal Testing]. Source: USDA
  • In August 2001 Greenpeace asked ExxonMobil to declare a moratorium on seismic tests--a series of underwater explosions--conducted near Sakhalin, which is feeding grounds for endangered Gray whales. The organization asked the company to halt the tests, which they said are illegal, until the conclusion of further research into the causes in the decrease of the population of these whales. Western Pacific Gray whales were declared a critically endangered species last year by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) after studies by Russian and American scientists showed that there are less than 100 of these whales and only 12 of them are known to be bearing young. A spokeperson for ExxonMobil stated, ""The seismic survey uses air guns that release compressed air, generating sound waves under the water. This technology has been used for more than 30 years in various parts of the world, with negligible impact on the marine environment. There have been no documented injuries to marine mammals from using these air guns. We've put in a buffer zone of 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) for gray whales and if we observe them within that radius, then we shut down seismic testing until the whales leave. " Source: Greenpeace/Bloomberg News. Aug 30, 2001


  • ExxonMobil was named one of the "Top Ten Greenwashers" in 2003 by the Earthday Resources for Living Green. The company was cited for its contribution of $100 million to the Global Climate and Energy Project over a course of ten years while at the same time it will spend $100 billion on oil exploration. Additionally, Exxon Mobil historically has attacked most climate change studies and the company's stance regarding global warming as "uncertain" remains unchanged. Source: Earthday Resources for Living Green

[edit] Excessive Political Influence & Harmful Litigation

President George W. Bush (R) was the largest individual recipient of ExxonMobil campaign contributions in 2003.  Roughly 86% of ExxonMobil's campaign contributions go to Republican candidates.
President George W. Bush (R) was the largest individual recipient of ExxonMobil campaign contributions in 2003. Roughly 86% of ExxonMobil's campaign contributions go to Republican candidates.

ExxonMobil is a leader in using its profits to buy political influence. In return, ExxonMobil has benefited from, among other things, over $5 billion in taxpayer subsidies over the last decade.(2) These monies are provided via institutions like the US Export-Import Bank, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, and the World Bank.

ExxonMobil Campaign Contributions & Political Lobbying

During the 2000 election cycle, ExxonMobil gave $1,375,250 to political campaigns - second only to Enron among oil and gas company campaign contributions. Of this total, 89 percent went to Republican candidates. Over the last decade, ExxonMobil has consistently been a leader in corporate campaign contributions - sparing no expense to elect representatives who are sympathetic to its agenda.

The third largest campaign contributor among oil and gas companies in 2000 was BP, which gave $1,294,394. However, in February of 2002, in the wake of the Enron scandal, BP CEO Sir John Browne historically renounced the practice of corporate campaign contributions, noting:

"That's why we've decided, as a global policy, that from now on we will make no political contributions from corporate funds anywhere in the world."

Groups like Stop ExxonMobil have called on ExxonMobil to join BP and renounce all political contributions from corporate funds.

ExxonMobil has guaranteed its influence over public policy by investing millions in campaigns and lobbying. ExxonMobil spends more money than any other oil company on lobbying in the US - seven times more than Enron from 1997-1999. Over $7 million was spent in 2000 alone to promote its agenda - over the last decade ExxonMobil has spent more than $40 million to pass legislation, subsidies, corporate welfare, and tax breaks.

Corporate Welfare and Political Favors

ExxonMobil's investments have paid off well. Over the last decade, ExxonMobil has benefited from more than $5 billion of support from taxpayer backed institutions including:

  • $651 million for the Chad-Cameroon pipeline project from the World Bank and the US Export-Import Bank;
  • $1.17 billion for oil field development in Western Siberia from the World Bank and the US Export-Import Bank;
  • $116 million for oil field development on Russia's Sakhalin Island from the Overseas Private Investment Corporation.

The issues on which the company has lobbied recently include rejecting the Kyoto Protocol, drafting a National Energy Strategy that increased US reliance on oil, and getting rid of the head of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (all of which the Bush/Cheney administration has done or helped to do).

[edit] Lobbying

When it comes to Lobbying, ExxonMobil is the top spending company in the Oil industry. [2]

Total amount the company reported spending annually lobbying Congress and federal executive branch agencies between 1998-2003:

  • 1998: $12,000,000
  • 1999: $13,689,801
  • 2000: $7,290,463
  • 2001: $6,372,249
  • 2002: $8,685,229
  • 2003: $7,860,000

[edit] Campaign Contributions

During the 2000 Election cycle, ExxonMobil gave more campaign contributions than any of its competitors (except for Enron). In 2004 it donated a more modest $799,203, and ranked 74th among contributors. (1)

Amount the company, its employees and political action committees spent on federal elections during each two-year election cycle. (Totals for 2004 are through June): $799,203

  • 1998: $869,705
  • 2000: $1,299,335
  • 2002: $1,241,044
  • 2004: $417,507

Top Campaign Finance Recipients

National Republican Party Committees: $1,112,045
National Democratic Party Committees: $167,350
President George W Bush (R): $91,322
Rep Anne Meagher Northup (R-KY): $28,000
Rep Heather Ann Wilson (R-NM): $27,500
Rep Donald E Young (R-AK): $25,500
Sen John Eric Ensign (R-NV): $25,000
Sen Jim Bunning (R-KY): $21,000
Rep Donald L Sherwood (R-PA): $20,000
Sen Christopher S Bond (R-MO): $20,000

Breakdown By Party

  • Democrats: $396,283 (10.35%)
  • Republicans: $3,295,908 (86.11%)
  • Other: $135,400 (3.54%)

[edit] Human Rights Violations

[edit] Aceh, Indonesia

Protesting ExxonMobil and the TNI.
Protesting ExxonMobil and the TNI.
Human rights activists claim that ExxonMobil has been complicit in numerous human rights violations in Aceh, Indonesia and "has been financing the military operation in Aceh for a decade since 1989." TNI (Indonesian military) bases were parts of the ExxonMobil compound, it has been also claimed.

These testimony and others were part of the campaign ran by the International Labor Rights Fund (ILRF), culminating in a law suit filed by the ILRF against ExxonMobil in a U.S. District Court in 2002. The ILRF claimed, in part:

"There have been credible reports dating back several years that Exxon Mobil Corporation, along with its predecessor companies, Mobil Oil Corporation and Mobil Oil Indonesia (collectively "Exxon Mobil"), hired military units of the Indonesian national army to provide "security" for their gas extraction and liquification project in Aceh, Indonesia. Members of these military units regularly have perpetrated ongoing and severe human rights abuses against local villagers, including murder, rape, torture, destruction of property and other acts of terror."

Later that year, it was reported (by human rights activists) that the US 'urged' a judge to back ExxonMobil in the Aceh human rights case. [9]

ExxonMobil claimed in their response:

"We are disturbed by any suggestion that ExxonMobil or its affiliate companies are in any way involved with alleged human rights abuses by security forces in Aceh. ExxonMobil condemns the violation of human rights in any form and categorically denies these allegations. We are deeply troubled and highly concerned about the violence in North Aceh, and it is our steadfast hope that the political and economic turmoil in the province will be peacefully resolved." [10]

The campaign against ExxonMobil gained some considerable success, as of May 2003: "ExxonMobil is currently being sued due to alleged human rights abuses perpetrated by security forces contracted by the company in Aceh, Indonesia, where ExxonMobil has been forced at great expense to halt oil production at its facilities. In its recent report, Deutsche Bank stated that the “StopEsso!” campaign, which has now spread from Europe to the United States, has caused “brand difficulties” to ExxonMobil. In its report, Deutsche Bank advised investors to "avoid buying more shares in ExxonMobil."

[edit] War Profiteering

  • 10/30/02: BP Chief Fears US Will Carve Up Iraqi War Riches
  • In Depth: Oil, Gas & Coal: "As we hurtle into the twenty-first century, oil is still King. But it does not rule benevolently. Rather, the reign of those who control the politics of petroleum continues to undermine democracy while generating human rights violations and environmental disasters across the Earth..."

[edit] 'Free' Trade Practices

Reprinted from
ExxonMobil's CEO and Chairman Speaks Out in Favor of International Trade and Investment

IRVING, Texas - April 19, 2001 --
Lee R. Raymond, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of Exxon Mobil Corporation, spoke out today in favor of free trade, deregulation and the lowering of trade barriers. In remarks preceding his acceptance of the International Executive of the Year Award from The Executives' Club of Chicago, he urged further trade liberalization and described some of the widespread benefits that come from international business operations.

Raymond challenged the critics of international trade and investment to look at the facts. "The numbers show us that if we are to bring the greatest economic good to the greatest number of people, we must embrace open markets and international trade and investment," he said. Raymond used a number of examples to demonstrate the many benefits of international trade and investment -- open economies have grown substantially over closed economies, unemployment tends to fall as imports grow, and environmental improvements have been the greatest in countries that have the most open economies.

Raymond also encouraged industry to support moves to create a Free Trade Area of Americas so that the benefits of NAFTA are brought to a larger group of nations and people. He called on Congress to renew President Bush's fast track negotiating authority, known as Trade Promotion Authority. Raymond also urged the United States government to complete negotiations on important bilateral trade agreements with both Chile and Singapore. For all agreements, Raymond said that the United States government should critically scrutinize any proposals that could lead to unilateral sanctions. "Our watchwords should be liberalization, not restriction. Openness, not obstacles. Incentives, and not sanctions," he said.

Raymond spoke on the importance and value of international investment by emphasizing the significance of the socially beneficial activities carried out by the oil industry in its international operations, and he encouraged other businesses to do the same. Recognizing businesses can't be all things to all people, he said that companies should not only invest in the latest technology and physical infrastructure, but in social projects where they do business. Raymond cited ExxonMobil examples where the company has just initiated a major collaborative effort to help eradicate malaria in the sub-Saharan Africa, and other programs that promote AIDS prevention in Angola and help war refugees in Azerbaijan.

Raymond graduated with a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering from the University of Wisconsin and received his Ph.D, in the same discipline, from the University of Minnesota. He joined Exxon Corporation in 1963, and became president of the corporation in 1987 and chairman in 1993. He became chairman and chief executive officer of Exxon Mobil Corporation in late 1999, upon the merger of Exxon and Mobil. Raymond serves as a member or trustee of more than 20 business, academic, international and philanthropic organizations.

[edit] Worker's Rights

reprinted from Pride At Work

"What would you do if one morning you woke up and found out that your previously gay-friendly employer suddenly made it O.K. to fire you because of your sexual orientation and eliminated your domestic partner benefits? This is the reality ExxonMobil employees face. The $233 billion petrochemical company, which employs 123,000 people in more than 200 countries, is a giant by almost any standard. But it falls far short of the mark in personnel policies affecting the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) community.

In the last decade, the workplace has been the site of some of the GLBT movement's greatest gains. The majority of Fortune 500 companies have enacted policies banning discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Thousands of companies, both large and small, now also offer health insurance benefits to our domestic partners. At a time when more than 80 percent of the public believes no one should face job discrimination because of his or her sexual orientation, most companies recognize that fair workplace policies create a more productive work environment, and are simply a good business practice. Yet one company, ExxonMobil, stands out as the only company ever to rescind both a non-discrimination policy and domestic partner benefits.

ExxonMobil's decision to rescind its non-discrimination policy came as the result of the merger between the two oil giants in late 1999. Prior to the merger, Mobil's equal employment opportunity policy included a provision prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. During merger talks, company executives decided to eliminate Mobil's non-discrimination policy rather than apply it to the newly formed corporation. Mobil's same-sex domestic partner benefits, praised by its CEO only a year before at the company's stockholder meeting, were also revoked. (Unionized ExxonMobil workers are still covered under a pre-existing non-discrimination clause under the terms of their former contract with Mobil.) ExxonMobil executives did this in spite of the fact that its chief competitors - Chevron, Sunoco, BP, and Texaco - all prohibit discrimination against gay, lesbian, and bisexual workers, and several of those competitors grant same-sex DP benefits as well."

[edit] Business Ethics

  • Exxon's $10B fill-up: Cashing in on crunch: "Oil companies came under new fire yesterday when it emerged that ExxonMobil's profits are likely to soar above $10 billion this quarter on the back of the fuel crisis. That's $110 million a day, and more net income than any company has ever made in a quarter. It's also a stunning 69 percent increase over the same period a year ago and a 34 percent jump from the $7.6 billion Exxon made just last quarter."

[edit] Praise for ExxonMobil

  • Animal Testing Exxon Mobil is a corporate sponsor of the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing, which works with scientists to find new methods that will replace the use of lab animals in experiments, reduce the number of animals tested, and refine necessary tests to eliminate pain and distress. Source: Johns Hopkins University
  • Charitable Giving ExxonMobil donated $20 million to the victims of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Source: Bloomberg News, October 1, 2001
  • Charitable Giving ExxonMobil donated $5 million to tsunami relief efforts. Source: MSNBC
  • Recycling The Exxon Mobil China Environmental Education Fund initiated, and is participating in, a paper-recycling program in Beijing, China with a number of other governmental and non-governmental organizations. The project, which was begun in July 2001, targets government and institutional offices and commercial buildings to encourage the recycling of paper. Garbage-recycling system standards will also be set for offices and schools, and those that meet these standards will be given awards. Source: Business Daily Update, July 9, 2001
  • Biological Diversity and Habitats ExxonMobil has received the first Track Maker Award from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) for its support of the Save The Tiger Fund. The Tiger Fund was created by ExxonMobil and the NFWF to help protect endangered tigers, and has supported 142 conservation projects in tiger habitats in Asia and Russia. The company has donated over $10 million to the project. Source: Environment News Service, March 19, 2001
  • Charitable Giving In April 2004 ExxonMobil announced it will fund more than $2 million in research and partnership grants to global health organisations in an effort to halve malaria cases in African communities from 1998 levels. In 2001 the company donated a total of $1.3 million to the Harvard Malaria Initiative (HMI) and the Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) to support research and development of antimalarial drugs and vaccines. The company also donated an unspecified amount to the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) programme (a WHO project) to support antimalarial projects in five African countries where ExxonMobil operates. Source: WHealth Organization Bulletin, June 1, 2001
  • Charitable Giving On Saturday, October 23, 2004, Almost 200 participating Esso sites in the Greater Toronto Area donated one cent for every litre of gasoline sold to the United Way of Greater Toronto. The company has been involved with United Way for over 25 years and last year's national campaign resulted in a donation of over $2.5 million to the 2003 United Way/Centraide Campaign across Canada. Of that, over $765,000 was raised for the United Way of Greater Toronto. Source: CSRWire
  • Community Involvement ExxonMobil has committed a total of $4 million to the First Alaskans Foundation, which initiates and supports "charitable and educational activities designed to promote the well-being of Alaska Natives. Source: Anchorage Daily News, November 18, 2001
  • Environmentally-friendly Initiatives In May 2002, ExxonMobil announced it will launch a $500 million research program to help fight global warming. The program will involve the company working with work with universities across the globe to develop ways of producing, using, and storing energy which will minimize the emission of carbon dioxide, methane, and other greenhouse gases. The announcement came as the company faced a growing campaign by environmental lobby groups which accuse the company of actively attempting to fight action against global warming. Source: The Money Telegraph, May 19, 2002
  • Environmentally-friendly Initiatives In 1998 Exxon was ranked second on the Council on Economic Priorities' Campaign for Cleaner Corporations survey of 15 major US refineries. Exxon won CEP's second place honors, ranking "highest in environmental impact performance." Source: Earth Island Institute
  • Environmentally-friendly Initiatives In October 2004 ExxonMobil affiliate Imperial Oil Limited announced that they will contribute $10 million over the next five years to establish a new research facility, the Imperial Oil Centre for Oil Sands Innovation at the University of Alberta. The Imperial Oil Centre for Oil Sands Innovation will be dedicated to the development of new energy-efficient and environmentally-responsible technologies for the integrated production and upgrading of Alberta's oil sands resources to provide clean energy and value-added products. Source: CSRWire
  • Health and Safety ExxonMobil was the recipient of the National Ocean Industries Association (NOIA) 2000 Safety in Seas Award for its Hoover and Diana fields in the waters off the coast of Texas. The award is given to companies that have contributed to significant offshore safety, and is determined by an independent selection committee including members of the U.S. Coast Guard, the Minerals Management Service, and the National Academy of Science's Marine Board. Source: The Oil Daily, April 4, 2001
  • Toxic Emissions or Discharges ExxonMobil affiliate Imperial Oil released its 2003 corporate citizenship report stating that the company has reduced refinery emissions by 10% since 2002 and invested $380 million to improve environmental performance. The company says emission of air pollutants is down 13% since 2002, emission of volatile chemical compounds dropped 11%, sulphur emissions were down 1% and carbon monoxide emissions were nearly 50% lower. The company also reports construction of two natural gas-powered cogeneration facilities, $9 million in corporate giving and a number one safety record. Source: Ethical Corporation

[edit] Related Links / Organizations

[edit] Brands & Subsidiaries

Exxon, Exxonmobil, Exxonmobil Chemical, Mobil, Esso, Imperial Oil Limited, SeaRiver Maritime, Mobil 1, Mobil Delvac, Mobil UK, OnTheRun, ROC

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